When, after the 9/11 attacks, then President W. Bush declared: ‘This CRUSADE, this war on Terrorism will take a while…’, The Christian Science Monitor reported: “President Bush’s reference to a ‘crusade’ ……. rang alarm bells…”. This was in reference to a series of European invasions of the Holy Land over a four-hundred-year period, specifically cast as a holy war between Christians and Muslims, nominally over control of holy sites in the areas around Jerusalem.
We will look at the root causes and circumstances in Europe that led to a ‘holy war’ provoked by a series of actions and circumstances in the Islamic world, specifically in the Holy Land. This class is not a chronology/history of events that you can find in any History book, as much as an analysis and a critical view of the causes and effects of the Crusades that prevailed then and may have left an everlasting confusion between politics and religion that still defines the relationship between the Western and the Islamic worlds.